Constitutional Background

Tanzania is quite special in its integration of the island state of Zanzibar. The Constitution provides for a double set of legislative, governmental, and judicial powers. Therefore, Zanzibar has a separate President for internal affairs. Although the entities of mainland and Zanzibar island are at least as separate as in a federal state, the nation has a unicameral parliament for both mainland and union affairs. Zanzibar has a separate parliament for internal affairs.

History and News

  • Oct 1984: Constitution revised.
  • 25 April 1977: Constitution adopted.
  • 29 Oct 1964: State renamed to United Republic of Tanzania.
  • 26 April 1964: Tanganyika unites with Zanzibar in order to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The day becomes the national holiday.
  • 19 Dec 1963: Zanzibar's independence from UK.
  • 9 Dec 1961: Tanganyika's independence from the UK-administered UN trusteeship.
  • 6 Dec 1917: Independence (from Russia).

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - 27.6.2020 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.